Verbs: Subjunctive Mood, Transitive Verbs, Participles
Write an original sentence in the indicative mood.
Write an original sentence in the imperative.
Write an original sentence in the subjunctive mood.
Write an original sentence with a transitive verb.
Write an original sentence with an intransitive verb.
Write an original sentence with a past participle.
Write an original sentence with a present participle.
Circle the verbs in the following sentence: The burning building was stinking like smoked ham and burnt toast, but the circling of the fire department helicopters gave us hope.
1. If the following sentences are grammatically correct, write "OK" beside them. If you see an error, fix it.
- I saw something today that really annoyed me.
- Sit down. Be humble.
- If I was the teacher, we'd have class outside every day.
- I suggest that she implements a budget cut in March.
- I rise my body out of bed.
- Lie your head on the pillow and close your eyes.
2. Write a sentence that uses an -ing word as 3 different parts of speech.
3. Write a sentence that uses an -ed word as 2 different parts of speech.
“Subjunctive Mood” (if I were… I would). When fantasizing or considering the future, “If I was” is wrong; you must say “If I were” (“If I were a millionaire, I would…”). The only time “If I was” is right is when considering the real life past: “If I was awake another ten minutes that night, I would have seen the U.F.O.”). So: if you can follow it with “I would/could (do),” you need to use “If I were.” Also, if you say "I suggest/recommend that he/she ________," the verb will not have an s at the end: "I reccommend that he take a chill pill."
4. “Transitive” Verbs require a direct object. (“I kicked” doesn’t sound complete without an object: what did I kick? “I kicked the ball.”) Some verbs can be either transitive or not: When you say, “I ate,” ate is intransitive; when you say “I ate dinner,” ate is transitive. Consider “transitive” just a new vocab word, but sometimes people make the mistake of using an transitive verb with a direct object afterwards ("I lie my head down." You can say "I lie down" or "I lay my head down" because "lie" is intransitive and "lay" is transitive).
5. *Verbals: Participle, Infinitive, Gerund. More vocab: When forms of verbs are used as nouns or adjectives, they get new names. As a group, all verbs used in other ways are called verbals. When a verb is used as an adjective, it is called a “participle.” A “present participle” is the –ing form (“Burning Man”). A “past participle” is the –ed form (“burned paper”). The rest is review from Nouns, #4: verbs used as nouns are called “gerunds” (“Wrestling is my sport.”); the “to + the root” form of the verb is known as the “infinitive,” and can be used as a noun.
When ready, re-take the pre-test without looking at the instruction materials.