• Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions and Conjunctions

     

    Pre-Assessment

    Identification

    Circle all the adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and conjunctions in the following paragraph. Label each (you may abbreviate).

    The quick brown fox jumped spastically over the lazy brown dog because it desperately wanted love and didn't know how to inspire it. Up in the air over the poor dog's heavy-lidded eyes it clumsily jumped, so finally, after an hour of this, the frustrated dog barked loudly. Because it was startled by the bark, the insane fox suddenly said something--but what? 

     

    Usage

    Circle the technically correct form of the word.

    26. Austin won the match easy/easily

    27. This sure/surely seems like a rip-off. 

    28. Only the bad/badly ice skaters performed bad/badly

    29. I’m doing good/well, thanks. 

    30. She runs quick/quickly. 

     

    Fix the sentences below so that they are correct as formal writing.

    31. Notice the ease Carlos hits the ball with.

    32. I am the one she is sitting next to. 

     

    Instruction: Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions

     

    Definitions

    Adjectives are words that describe nouns (people, places, things or ideas). For example: tall, fast, beautiful, rotten, interesting, logical. 

    Adverbs describe verbs (actions). For example: quickly, enthusiastically, tenderly, carelessly. 

    Prepositions are those little connecting words that show relationships in place or time: over, under, on, in, along, before, after, etc.

    Conjunctions are words that join (make a "junction" with) chunks of a sentence, showing the relationship between those chunks. Coordinating conjunctions (and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet) connect equal sentence parts. Subordinating conjunctions (because, although, if, when, since, until, as, before) create a dependent clause—meaning: that part of the sentence may have a subject and verb, but it still can’t stand alone as a complete sentence.

    A compound sentence is two independent clauses (sentences that could stand alone, each containing a subject and verb) joined by a coordinating conjunction: The stars are fading, but I remain wide awake. 

    A complex sentence is a dependent clause and independent clause (in either order): Although the stars are fading, I remain wide awake. 

     

    Usage Guidelines

    1.      Don’t use an adjective in place of an adverb.  Adjectives and adverbs can be similar but slightly different: an adverb is often an the adjective form plus –ly. (Adjective: “graceful.” Adverb: “gracefully.”) People often incorrectly use the adjective form behind a verb (“She moves graceful” is incorrect; it should be “gracefully.” “She is graceful” is correct.) The most common mistake of this kind is with good/well. Good is an adjective; well is an adverb. People look or feel well, not good. (To complicate things, though: "well" has an adjective meaning suggesting wellness. It's okay to say "I am well." It's just not okay to say "I'm doing good.")

    2.      Don’t end a sentence with a preposition. It's fine in dialogue or slangy writing to finish a sentence with a preposition, but in proper writing, don't. The word “which” helps. “I remember the path we walked along” will become “I remember the path along which we walked.” It can sound awkward, but you get used to it.

    3.      Don't start a sentence with a coordinating conjunction. You may start sentences with a subordinating conjunction (making a dependent clause) as long as the independent clause follows: "Because I like you, I stalk your Instagram." If you leave off the independent clause, you have a fragment: "Because I like you." It also makes a sentence fragment any time you start a sentence with a coordinating conjunction: "And I always smell your locker." Sentence fragments a great to use in dialogue, and many fiction writers use them in narration to establish a natural-sounding voice. However, fragments are a no-no in essays and other more formal writing. 
     
     
    Assessment: Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions
     
    1. Study the instructional information, then, without looking at it, correct your answers on the pre-assessment. 
     
    2. In 1-2 minutes, write as many adjective-adverb pairs that you can think of. For example: quick, quickly; good, well; ...
     
    3. Put as many of those pairs as you can--at least 3 pairs--into one original sentence. 
     
    4-5. Write 2 original sentences that each end in a preposition and are something you might find yourself saying or writing. Then rewrite them to be grammatically correct. 
     
    6. Write a series of 3-7 sentence fragments beginning with both coordinating and subordinating conjunctions. Put it in quotes and attribute it to a speaker because this kind of thing is only allowed in dialogue and narration.
     
    7. Write a compound sentence. 
     
    8. Write a complex sentence. 
     
     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

Last Modified on August 11, 2017