• JUNIOR UPDATE: 02.08.2021  
    DEFINITIONS  
       
    ACT This college entrance test contains multiple-choice exams in four areas: English, math, reading, and science. All colleges accept the ACT equally with the SAT. The maximum score is 36.
    AP Advanced Placement courses and tests offer students an opportunity to gain college credit or to be excused from introductory courses at college. The AP tests are administered through College Board in the spring and results are on a scale of 1 to 5. The college decides whether it will grant credit for AP work done in high school.
    Bachelor’s Degree A four-year degree awarded by a college of university.
    Bachelor’s of Arts (BA) Bachelor of Arts is the holder of a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate program in the arts and sciences.
    Bachelor’s of Science (BS) The recipient of a bachelor's degree which usually signifies that the recipient has done the greater part of his or her course work in the sciences with some specialization in a particular science.
    California Dream Act Application The California Dream Act allows undocumented and nonresident students (U.S. Citizens and eligible
    non-citizens) who qualify for a non-resident exemption under Assembly Bill 540 (AB 540) to receive
    certain types of financial aid such as: private scholarships funded through public universities, state
    administered financial aid, university grants, community college fee waivers, and Cal Grants.
    In addition, the California Dream Act, allows eligible students to pay in-state tuition at any public
    college in California.
    Candidate's Reply Date May 1 is the date by which accepted students must accept or decline admission offers at a four-year college/university.
    CEEB Code CEEB stands for College Entrance Examination Board. A CEEB code is a standardized ID number that is assigned to a high school, college or university. CEEB codes are issued by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). These four- to six-digit codes are mostly used in college entrance exams such as the SAT and ACT. Our CEEB code is 052770.
    Coalition Application A college application used by over 150 institutions. Since most colleges on it are also on the Common Application, we recommend you use the Common App as it's been around longer and it's easier to use. However, three universities use it exclusively: the University of Maryland at College Park, the University of Washington and Virginia Tech.
    Common Application (Common App) this is a student application portal used by 800 colleges and universities. It is the one most commonly used by our students
    Community College Two-year colleges, usually funded by local and state funds, which provide vocational training programs as well as college transfer programs.
    CSS Profile A financial aid form used by some private and public colleges/universities and scholarship programs. It is run by College Board and it costs money to have an account and send your financial information to colleges that accept it. It opens each year on October 1 and it is the student's responsibility to know whether their schools accept it.
    CSU The California State University system, one of the two public university systems in California, has 23 campuses.
    Deferral An early action or early decision applicant will receive their final admission decision at the same time as those applying regular decision if they are deferred.
    Early Action (EA) This program allows a student to submit an application in October or November and receive a decision by mid-December. Generally, the student is not limited to one Early Action application nor required to enroll if accepted. Students accepted Early Action are not required to notify the college of their intention to enroll until May 1.
    Early Decision (ED) This program allows a student to apply to a first-choice college early in the fall of senior year and receive a decision by mid-December. Since it is a binding decision (meaning you must enroll if accepted), you can only apply to one college ED and must withdraw your other applications if accepted.
    ED I & II Some schools offer applicants a choice between two versions of the ED program. These are known as ED I and ED II. While the two ED programs are very similar in the way they function, they operate on different timelines, each of which has its own distinct advantages and disadvantages.
    Educational Opportunity Program (EOP) A special admissions program which offers counseling, tutoring and educational assistance for low-income and first-generation college students. EOP is available at all public institutions in California upon application.
    Estimated Family Contribution (EFC) Your EFC is an index number that college financial aid staff use to determine how much financial aid you would receive if you were to attend their school. The information you report on your FAFSA is used to calculate your EFC.
    FAFSA Free Application for Federal Student Aid. This application is required to receive federal financial aid and can be completed as of Oct. 1 your senior year and each subsequent year you are in college. Lisa Neumaier is our specialist on this, so please contact her with questions.
    Grant Student aid funds that do not have to be repaid. Grants are often need-based, while scholarships are usually merit-based.
    High School Code See CEEB Code - 052770
    Impacted Program or Major A program, major, or campus that has more applicants than available spaces, making entrance requirements more competitive.
    Letter of Recommendation This is a letter written by your Counselor, a teacher or another person who will highlight your qualifications and potential for university. Most private colleges require a letter from your counselor and at least two teachers. We recommend those teachers be from courses you have taken in junior or senior year that are challenging or are in an area you may pursue further in college. Some colleges will allow you to have letters from coaches, dance or music instructors, or supervisors at your job, internship or community services, etc.
    Liberal Arts This term usually refers to courses in English, social studies and foreign language. Liberal Arts colleges offer a four-year course of study, leading to a BA or BS degree.
    Loan Borrowed money that must be repaid with interest. Loans from the federal government typically have a lower interest rate than loans from private lenders. Federal loans, listed from most advantageous to least advantageous, are called Direct Subsidized Loans, Direct Unsubsidized Loans, and Parent PLUS Loans. You can find more information about federal loans at StudentAid.gov.
    Major A major is simply a specific subject that students can specialize in while aspiring to a college degree. Typically, between a third and half of the courses you take in college are in your major or related to it. By completing a major, you demonstrate sustained, high-level work in one subject.
    Master’s Degree A master's degree is an academic degree awarded by universities or colleges upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice. During your bachelor's degree program, you take general education courses and a number of courses that are aligned specifically to your major. ... In your master's degree program, you focus entirely on one area of study.
    Minor A minor is like a “mini-major,” a grouping of classes around a specific subject matter, typically between 18-30 credits. A minor must be combined with a major/degree program.
    Need Aware/Need Blind Most colleges choose one of two approaches to admissions and financial aid: "need blind" or "need aware." Need aware schools consider finances in their admission decisions, whereas need blind schools do not.
    Net Price Calculator Each U.S. college/university is required to have this tool available online so students can get an estimate of what they may pay to attend.
    Private college A private college is an independent school that sets its own policies and goals, and is privately funded. Private colleges are generally smaller than public or private universities. The average enrollment at private colleges is only 1,900 students. Private universities, by contrast, can have over 30,000 students.
    Public college A public school is a college or university primarily funded by a state government. Public colleges and universities generally are larger than private schools and have larger class sizes.
    Restrictive Early Action (REA) Like early action, REA is non-binding, but students may only apply to one private school REA. They can usually apply EA to public schools, however.The list of colleges offering REA/SCEA (Single Choice Early Action) is small—the program is available only at Boston College, Georgetown University, Harvard University, Princeton University, Stanford University, the University of Notre Dame, and Yale University.
    Rolling Admission Colleges using this system notify an applicant of their admission status soon after the application is received. They "roll out" their decisions as they receive applications instead of waiting for all applications to be received and reviewed.
    SAT A college entrance exam that has four sections: Reading, Writing & Language, and Math. This program is run by College Board and the highest score you can achieve is a 1600.
    SAT Subject Exam These are exams, offered through College Board, focus on specific academic subjects and are one hour long. These exams have been discontinued as of January 2021
    Scholarship A form of financial assistance that does not require repayment. Based on need or merit, scholarship are usually offered to students who show potential for distinction or who possess certain characteristics specified by the scholarship provider (such as community service, athletics, talent, hobbies, ethnicity, religious beliefs, etc.).
    SendeDu this is a portal that many public universities use for to receive documents from counselors, like transcripts and letters of recommendation
    STEM Science, technology, engineering and math
    Test Blind Colleges that are test blind do not factor test scores into admission decisions even if a student submits scores.
    Test Flexible Schools that use a test-flexible admissions policy allow applicants to submit a variety of standardized test scores in support of their application.
    Test-Optional A test-optional admissions policy means applicants can choose not to submit ACT or SAT scores and their application will still be given full consideration.
    UC The University of California is one of the two public university systems in California. There are nine undergraduate campuses in the UC system.
       
    Last updated by Sheila Souder on 1.25.2021  
    Emailed to families on 02.08.2021