•       “SHAPING SPACE” Study Readings and Questions

    Use a separate paper for your answers
    These written assignments are only your own work. Any duplicate student work will get “zero” credit.
    Write a clear definition of each term using a dictionary, then write a good sentence using the term:

    JUXTAPOSITION

    CONTRAST

    DOMINANT

    SUBORDINATE

    FOCAL POINT

    ANTHROPOMORPHIC

    PARADOX

    METAPHOR

    Read one section of the chapter at a time before trying to write an answer to the question so you get a sense of the whole idea in each section. Then read the section again while you try to write your answer. The questions are chronologically aligned with the reading sections.

    Read Chapter 3 “Organizing Principles of Design”

    1. How is “Repetition” a design principle in sculpture or architecture? Give 3 different examples of its use.

    2. How is “Variety” a design principle? Explain how it can be expressed.

    3. How does repetition and variety in art create visual rhythm? Give 3 examples.

    4. Explain how “Balance” is used in art, including the elements which affect our perception of visual weight.

    5. Explain the principle of “Emphasis” as it applies to art.

    6. Explain how “Proportion” is used in art.

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    “SHAPING SPACE” Study Readings and Questions

    Use a separate paper for your answers

    These written assignments are only your own work. Any duplicate student work will get “zero” credit.

    Read Chapter 4 “Elements of Three-Dimensional Design”

    1. From the reading and from additional information from a dictionary, why is “FORM” a complex element in sculpture? Give 3 different examples of how form is used.

    2. Describe 2 different sculptures in terms of how they effectively use “Inside and Outside Form”.

    3. In the Greek statue, (fig. 4.11, pg. 84), identify its “Primary and Secondary” contours.

    4. Describe the characteristics and differences between “Positive and Negative Forms”, and include an example of how these can operate in a sculpture.

    5. Compare “Static and Dynamic” forms. Give examples.

    6. Explain the three degrees of likeness to known objects in art. Give examples.

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    “SHAPING SPACE” Study Readings and Questions

    Use a separate paper for your answers

    These written assignments are only your own work. Any duplicate student work will get “zero” credit.

    Read Chapter 5 “Space”

    1. Describe what “Delineated Space” is and include an example of a sculpture, describing how it uses it.

    2. Compare how the two sculptures (pg.95 figure 5.3) and (pg 96 figure 5.4) use “activated space” .

    3.  Describe a small scale art example and a large scale art example which use “confined spaces”.

    4. Why would an artist (sculptor) want to be involved in the installation of his/her sculpture in a gallery space?

    5. The Nuremberg Baby House of 1639 (fig. 5.18) and Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen’s “Spoonbridge and Cherry” (fig. 5.19) are both about domestic objects. How are they different? Explain why.

    6. Explain how spacial illusions work.

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    “SHAPING SPACE” Study Readings and Questions

    Use a separate paper for your answers

    These written assignments are only your own work. Any duplicate student work will get “zero” credit.

    Read Chapter 6 “Line”

    1. Identify 10 different examples of where line exists in the 3 dimensional world.

    2. Find 6 different artworks and describe how they use line in differing ways.

    3. Explain how IMPLIED AND DIRECTIONAL lines operate.

    4. Describe 7 different types of lines and what their effect is on the viewer.

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    “SHAPING SPACE” Study Readings and Questions

    Use a separate paper for your answers

    These written assignments are only your own work. Any duplicate student work will get “zero” credit.

    Read Chapter 7 “Texture”

    1.  Explain the differences with examples between natural textures, worked textures, and visual textures.

    2.  How can texture be used to emphasize form?

    3. How can texture be used to create meaningful contrasts?

    4. Why does the photo of Agnes Denes in her wheat field in Battery Park landfill express?

    5. Describe how a smooth-shiny-reflective surface can evoke certain associations.

    6. Describe 3 examples of optically perceived visual texture.

    7. What is “Trompe l’oeil” and describe an example.

    8. “Scratch beneath the surface to reveal what lies within” expresses metaphorically how texture operates in art. Explain.